©2014 Charlene Brown
Carnuntum, which we explored on June 12, is about half way between
and . It originated as a Roman army camp during the
reign of Augustus in the early first century CE. During the second century, especially under Tiberius,
Trajan, Hadrian and Marcus Aurelius, it grew in importance, becoming the centre
of Roman fortifications along the Danube and a major trading centre on the Bratislava Amber Road from the
Baltic Sea. However, it was destroyed in the 4th
century and eventually abandoned during the subsequent Barbarian invasions.
The public baths at Carnuntum, part of the ruin of which is pictured here, were among the largest Roman Baths north of the
Alps. When first
unearthed, these remains were named Palastruine because the complex was so generously
proportioned and lavishly equipped, it was erroneously thought to be the
governor’s palace (palace ruins). In Carnuntum’s heyday colourful marble
imported from every part of the Roman Empire
decorated the walls, and the floors were covered with impressive mosaics.